### Books

[B1] J. D. Glover, T. J. Overbye,__A. B. Birchfield__, and M. S. Sarma,

*Power System Analysis and Design*, 7

^{th}ed. Boston, MA: Cengage, 2023.

### Journal Publications

(Mentored graduate students marked with asterisk *, undergraduate with double asterisk **)

[J19] C. Mateo, F. Postigo, T. Elgindy, A. Birchfield, P. Duenas, B. Palmintier, N. Panossian, T. Gomez, F. de Cuadra, T. Overbye, F. Safdarian, and D. Wallison, “Building and validating a large-scale combined transmission & distribution synthetic electricity system of Texas,”*International Journal of Electrical Power and Energy Systems*

*,*vol. 159, pp. 1-11, Aug. 2024. Open Access. [J18] A. Birchfield, “Geographic coordinate validation and assignment using an edge-constrained layout,” in

*Journal of Engineering and Applied Science*, vol. 27, no. 112, pp. 1-20, May 2024. Open Access. [J17] P. Dehghanian, A. Zhang, R. Fatima*, J. Snodgrass, A. B. Birchfield, K. R. Davis, T. J. Overbye, “An Integrated Assessment of a G3 GMD Event on Large-Scale Power Grids: From Magnetometer Data to Geomagnetically Induced Current Analysis,” in

*IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications*, vol. 60, no. 1, pp. 1634-1644, Jan.-Feb. 2024. PDF [J16] T. J. Overbye, K. R. Davis, and A. B. Birchfield, “The Electric Grid and Severe Resiliency Events.” in

*The Bridge: National Academy of Engineering Journal,*vol. 53, no. 2, Jun. 2023, pp. 73-79. View [J15] A. B. Birchfield and T. J. Overbye, “A review on providing realistic electric grid simulations for academia and industry,” in

*Current Sustainable Renewable Energy Reports,*vol. 10, pp. 154-161, Jun. 2023. Open Access. [J14] Y. Abu-Khalifa* and A. B. Birchfield, “Techniques for creating synthetic combined electric and natural gas transmission grids,” in

*IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications*, vol. 59, no. 4, pp. 4734-4743, July-Aug. 2023. PDF [J13]

__A. B. Birchfield__, “Graph decomposition for constructing blackstart restoration strategies in benchmark cases,”

*Electric Power Systems Research,*vol. 212, 108402, Nov. 2022. PDF [J12] H. Li et al., “Building highly detailed synthetic electric grid data sets for combined transmission and distribution systems,” in

*IEEE Open Access Journal of Power and Energy*, Nov. 2020. Link [J11]

__A. B. Birchfield__and T. J. Overbye, “Mosaic packing to visualize large-scale electric grid data,” in

*IEEE Open Access Journal of Power and Energy*, vol. 7, pp. 212-221, Jun. 2020. Link [J10] C. Coffrin, et al., “The power grid library for benchmarking ac optimal power flow algorithms,” Pre-print available: https://arxiv.org/pdf/1908.02788.pdf, Aug. 2019. [J9] R. H. Lee, K. S. Shetye,

__A. B. Birchfield__, and T. J. Overbye, “Using detailed ground modeling to evaluate electric grid impacts of late-time high-altitude electromagnetic pulses (E3 HEMP),”

*IEEE Transactions on Power Systems*, vol. 34, no. 2, pp. 1549-1557, Mar. 2019. Link [J8]

__A. B. Birchfield__, T. J. Overbye and K. R. Davis, “Educational Applications of Large Synthetic Power Grids,” in

*IEEE Transactions on Power Systems*, vol. 34, no. 1, pp. 765-772, Jan. 2019. Link [J7]

__A. B. Birchfield__and T. J. Overbye, “Techniques for drawing geographic one-line diagrams: Substation spacing and line routing,”

*IEEE Transactions on Power Systems*, IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, vol. 33, no. 6, pp. 7269-7276, Nov. 2018. Link [J6]

__A. B. Birchfield__, T. Xu, and T. J. Overbye, “Power flow convergence and reactive power planning in the creation of large synthetic grids,”

*IEEE Transactions on Power Systems*, vol. 33, no. 6, pp. 6667-6674, Nov. 2018. Link [J5] T. Xu,

__A. B. Birchfield__, and T. J. Overbye, “Modeling, tuning, and validating system dynamics in synthetic electric grids,”

*IEEE Transactions on Power Systems*, vol. 33, no. 6, pp. 6501-6509, Nov. 2018. Link [J4] J. L. Gannon,

__A. B. Birchfield__, K. S. Shetye, and T. J. Overbye, “A comparison of peak electric fields and GICs in the Pacific Northwest using 1-D and 3-D conductivity models,”

*Space Weather Journal*, no. 15, pp. 1535-1547, Nov. 2017. Link [J3]

__A. B. Birchfield__, E. Schweitzer, M. H. Athari, T. Xu, T. J. Overbye, A. Scaglione, and Z. Wang, “A metric-based validation process to assess the realism of synthetic power grids,”

*Energies*, vol. 10, no. 1233, pp. 1-14, Aug. 2017. Link [J2]

__A. B. Birchfield__, T. Xu, K. M. Gegner, K. S. Shetye, and T. J. Overbye, “Grid structural characteristics as validation criteria for synthetic networks,”

*IEEE Transactions on Power Systems*, vol. 32, no. 4, pp. 3258-3265, Jul. 2017. Link [J1]

__A. B. Birchfield__, K. M. Gegner, T. Xu, K. S. Shetye, and T. J. Overbye, “Statistical considerations in the creation of realistic synthetic power grids for geomagnetic disturbance studies,”

*IEEE Transactions on Power Systems*, vol. 32, no. 2, pp. 1502-1510, Mar. 2017. Link

### Conference Publications

(Mentored graduate students marked with asterisk *, undergraduate with double asterisk **)

[C41] T. J. Overbye, S. Kunkolienkar, F. Safdarian,__A. B. Birchfield__, “On the existence of dominant interarea oscillation modes in the North American Eastern Interconnect stability simulations,”

*57*, Honolulu, HI, Jan. 2024, pp. 1-9. [C40] R. Fatima* and

^{th}Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS)__A. B. Birchfield__, “Impact of time-dependent transformer thermal model on assessment of GICs in large power systems,”

*2023 North American Power Symposium (NAPS)*, Asheville, NC, USA, Oct. 2023, pp. 1-6. [C39] J. Baek* and

__A. B. Birchfield__, “A tuning method for exciters and governors in realistic synthetic grids with dynamics,”

*2023 North American Power Symposium (NAPS)*, Asheville, NC, USA, Oct. 2023, pp. 1-6. [C38] J. Penaranda* and

__A. B. Birchfield__, “Energizing cold load: Demand after a full system outage,”

*2023 North American Power Symposium (NAPS)*, Asheville, NC, USA, Oct. 2023, pp. 1-6. [C37] M. Stevens, T. J. Overbye, J. Snodgrass and

__A. B. Birchfield__, “Generating electric field test patterns for electric grid resiliency studies,”

*2023 North American Power Symposium (NAPS)*, Asheville, NC, USA, Oct. 2023, pp. 1-6. [C36] F. Safdarian*, J. Penaranda*, S. Kang, J. Snodgrass, A. Birchfield, T. J. Overbye, “Improving load time series of electric power systems based on the temperatures,”

*2023 Kansas Power and Energy Conference (KPEC),*Manhattan, KS, Apr. 2023, pp. 1-6. [C35] J. W. Xia**,

__A. B. Birchfield__, J. Snodgrass, “Undergraduate research in transmission tower physical design for synthetic electric grid cases,”

*2023 Texas Power and Energy Conference (TPEC),*College Station, TX, Feb. 2023, pp. 1-6. [C34] O. Oshinkoya*, J. Baek*, J. Kao**, and

__A. B. Birchfield__, “Preliminary analysis of the potential impact of electric vehicle fleets on large power system inertia floor,”

*2023 Texas Power and Energy Conference (TPEC),*College Station, TX, Feb. 2023, pp. 1-6. [C33] J. Penaranda* and

__A. B. Birchfield__, “Application and parameter sensitivities of a state-space cold load pickup model for a synthetic restoration test case,”

*2022 North American Power Symposium (NAPS)*, Salt Lake City, UT, Sept. 2022, pp. 1-6. [C32] F. Safdarian

*et al*., “Grid optimization competition on synthetic and industrial power systems,”

*2022 North American Power Symposium (NAPS)*, Salt Lake City, UT, Sept. 2022, pp. 1-6 [C31]

__A. B. Birchfield__, “Inertia adequacy in transient stability models for synthetic electric grids,”

*11*), Banff, Canada, Jul. 2022, pp. 1-8. [C30]

^{th}Bulk Power Systems Dynamics and Control Symposium (IREP__A. B. Birchfield__, “Graph decomposition for constructing blackstart restoration strategies in benchmark cases,”

*Power Systems Computation Conference (PSCC)*, Porto, Portugal, Jun. 2022. (Same paper as [J13].) [C29] F. Safdarian

*et al*., “Reactive power and voltage control issues associated with large penetration of distributed energy resources in power systems,”

*2022 IEEE Power and Energy Conference at Illinois (PECI)*, Champaign, IL, Mar. 2022, pp. 1-6 [C28] F. Safdarian, J. Wert, Y. Liu,

__A. B. Birchfield__, K. S. Shetye, H. Chang, and T. J. Overbye, “Reactive power and voltage control issues associated with large penetration of distributed energy resources in power systems,”

*Power and Energy Conference at Illinois (PECI)*, Mar. 2022. [C27] Y. A. Abu-Khalifa*,

__A. B. Birchfield__, “Techniques for creating synthetic combined electric and natural gas transmission grids,”

*IEEE Texas Power and Energy Conference (TPEC)*, Feb. 2022. [C26] T. J. Overbye, J. Snodgrass,

__A. B. Birchfield__, M. Stevens, “Toward developing implementable high altitude electromagnetic pulse E3 mitigation strategies for large-scale electric grids,”

*IEEE Texas Power and Energy Conference (TPEC)*, Feb. 2022. [C25] G. Bhakta**,

__A. B. Birchfield__, “Applying remedial action schemes using sensitivity analysis for undergraduate research,”

*2021 North American Power Symposium,*Nov. 2021. [C24]

__A. B. Birchfield__, T. J. Overbye, “Graph crossings in electric transmission grids,”

*2021 North American Power Symposium (NAPS)*, Nov. 2021. [C23] F. Safdarian,

__A. B. Birchfield__, K. Shetye, and T. J. Overbye, “Additional insights in creating large-scale, high-quality synthetic grids: A case study,”

*Kansas Power and Energy Conference (KPEC)*, Apr. 2021. [C22] T. J. Overbye, J. Wert, K. S. Shetye, F. Safdarian and

__A. B. Birchfield__, “Delaunay Triangulation Based Wide-Area Visualization of Electric Transmission Grids,”

*2021 IEEE Kansas Power and Energy Conference (KPEC)*, Manhattan, KS, 2021, pp. 1-6. [C21]

__A. B. Birchfield__, J. Patil, R. Paredes, L. Dueñas-Osorio, “Preliminary analysis of network fragility and resilience in large electric grids,”

*2021 IEEE Power and Energy Conference at Illinois (PECI)*, Apr. 2021, pp. 1-6. [C20] T. J. Overbye, K. S. Shetye, J. Wert, W. Trinh,

__A. B. Birchfield__, T. Rolstad, J. D. Weber, “Techniques for maintaining situational awareness during large-scale electric grid simulations”,

*2021 IEEE Power and Energy Conference at Illinois (PECI)*, Apr. 2021, pp. 1-8. [C19] T. J. Overbye, J. L. Wert, K. S. Shetye, F. Safdarian, and

__A. B. Birchfield__, “The use of geographic data views to help with wide-area electric grid situational awareness”,

*2021 IEEE Texas Power and Energy Conference (TPEC)*, Feb. 2021, pp. 1-6 [C18] K. S. Shetye, T. J. Overbye,

__A. B. Birchfield__, J. D. Weber, and T. L. Rolstad, “Computationally efficient identification of power flow alternative solutions with application to geomagnetic disturbance analysis,”

*2020 IEEE Texas Power and Energy Conference (TPEC)*, Feb. 2020, pp. 1-6. [C17]

__A. B. Birchfield__and T. J. Overbye, “Planning sensitivities for building contingency robustness and graph properties into large synthetic grids,”

*Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences*, Jan. 2020, pp. 1-8. [C16] Y. Zhang, K. S. Shetye,

__A. B. Birchfield__and T. J. Overbye, “Grid impact evaluation of localized geomagnetic field enhancements using sensitivity analysis,”

*2019 North American Power Symposium (NAPS)*, Wichita, KS, USA, Oct. 2019, pp. 1-6 [C15] T. J. Overbye, J. Wert,

__A. B. Birchfield__, and J. D. Weber, “Wide-Area Electric Grid Visualization Using Pseudo-Geographic Mosaic Displays,”

*2019 North American Power Symposium (NAPS)*, Wichita, KS, USA, Oct. 2019, pp. 1-6. [C14] T. Xu, H. Li,

__A. B. Birchfield__, and T. J. Overbye, “Synthesize phasor measurement unit data using large-scale electric network models,” Pre-print available: https://arxiv.org/pdf/1909.03187.pdf, Oct. 2019. [C13] T. J. Overbye, Z. Mao,

__A. B. Birchfield__, J. D. Weber, and M. Davis, “An iInteractive, stand-alone and multi-user power system simulator for the PMU time frame,”

*2019 IEEE Texas Power and Energy Conference (TPEC)*, College Station, TX, USA, Feb. 2019, pp. 1-6. Link [C12] K. S. Shetye, J. L Gannon,

__A. B. Birchfield__, R. H. Lee, and T. J. Overbye, “Impact of 1D vs 3D earth conductivity based electric fields on geomagnetically induced currents,”

*Innovative Smart Grid Technologies (ISGT) Europe*, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Oct. 2018. Link [C11]

__A. B. Birchfield__, H. Li, and T. J. Overbye, “Security considerations in transmission planning for creating large synthetic power grids,”

*Clemson University Power Systems Conference*, Charleston, South Carolina, Sept. 2018. (Second-prize Paper Award) Link [C10] D. Bodenmiller,

__A. B. Birchfield__, and T. J. Overbye, “Using large-scale synthetic systems for undergraduate research in electric grid islanding,”

*North American Power Symposium (NAPS)*, Fargo, North Dakota, Sept. 2018.Link [C9] E. Schweitzer, T. Xu,

__A. B. Birchfield__, A. Scaglione, T. J. Overbye, R. J. Thomas, Z. Wang, “Towards operational validation: Mapping power system inputs to operating conditions,” 2018 Power Systems Computation Conference (PSCC), Dublin, Ireland, Jun. 2018. Link [C8] H. Li, A. L. Bornsheuer, T. Xu,

__A. B. Birchfield__, K. S. Shetye, and T. J. Overbye, “Load modeling in synthetic electric grids,”

*2018 IEEE Texas Power and Energy Conference*, College Station, Texas, Feb. 2018. Link [C7]

__A. B. Birchfield__, T. Xu, K. S. Shetye, and T. J. Overbye, “Building synthetic power transmission networks of many voltage levels, spanning multiple areas,”

*Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences*, Jan. 2018. Link [C6] T. Xu,

__A. B. Birchfield__, K. S. Shetye, and T. J. Overbye, “Creation of Synthetic Electric Grid Models for Transient Stability Studies,”

*Bulk Power Systems Dynamics and Control Symposium (IREP 2017)*, Espinho, Portugal, Sept. 2017. Link [C5]

__A. B. Birchfield__, Z. Mao, K. S. Shetye, J. D. Weber, and T. J. Overbye, “Impact of Synchronous Generator Model GENTPJ on System Dynamics,”

*Power and Energy Society General Meeting, 2017 IEEE*, Chicago, IL, Jul. 2017. Link [C4]

__A. B. Birchfield__and T. J. Overbye, “Convergence characteristics of the variable projection method for mode extraction,”

*Texas Power and Energy Conference, 2017 IEEE*, College Station, TX, Feb. 2017. Link [C3] T. Xu,

__A. B. Birchfield__, K. M. Gegner, K. S. Shetye, and T. J. Overbye, “Application of large-scale synthetic power system models for energy economic studies,”

*Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences*, Jan. 2017. Link [C2] K. M. Gegner,

__A. B. Birchfield__, T. Xu, K. S. Shetye, and T. J. Overbye, “A methodology for the creation of geographically realistic synthetic power flow models,”

*Power and Energy Conference at Illinois, 2016 IEEE*, Champaign, IL, Jan. 2016. (Best Paper Award) Link [C1] J. Taylor;

__A. B. Birchfield__, “DMS simulation toolkit for the grid of the future,”

*Grid of the Future Symposium*, 2015 CIGRE, Chicago, IL, Oct. 13, 2015. Link